FACTS ABOUT SOUTH AMERICA
- Tropical rain forests cover more than 1/3 of South America.
- The Amazon River is the second longest river on the earth.
- Many valuable forest products come from the lush Amazon region.
- In The Amazon rain forests ( and most other rain forests) most of
the soils fertility comes from decaying leaves. As a result, the soil of the
rain forests is thin and poor.
- El Nino is a warm air pattern which raises sea surface temperatures off
northern Peru and Ecuador in the early months of each year. Every few
years El Nino is stronger and warmer than usual.
- Llamas belong to the camel family. They are farmed for wool and meat by the
Quechua Indians high up in the Andes Mountains of South America.
- The most powerful and extended language unit in highland South America
is Quechua or Inca. Today Inca is spoken by a least 8 million people.
- The Inca Empire was the most widespread civilization on the continent of